Within the Film & TV Industry, it is organized in a very specific way, and within this post it’ll be detailing the ways that it’s structured, and in specific using it to help for my final major project – a one minute short film based upon horror.
My Project Proposal
Independent or Mainstream
My Project in specific would fit under the Independent category as it would be created by myself and not in a mainstream production (such as a film by Warner Brothers or Marvel). The reason that its independent is because not only would it be created by myself, it would also be more of a Low Production Value with Limited Distribution through uploading the video directly to YouTube and them being the distributors, as well as also sharing through different Social Media. It wouldn’t have (m)any stars in the actual production as it would cost a lot of money. The whole budget side of this would also be quite minimal as obviously I’m a college student and am limited on the budget.
Within a Mainstream film it would be a much higher rated film company, for example Warner Brothers, 20th Century Fox etc. publishing the specific film and distributing it around much higher and well-known cinemas or transferred universally instead. These generally would have a lot higher film stars that you would know, for example a film directed by Tim Burton generally has Johnny Depp as one of the main characters.
Independent versus mainstream film (Great Baddow High School Media, 10 November 2013)
The Producer(s) for my project would be myself as I am physically producing the one minute short film. A Producer is someone who is producing the content towards the project, for mine in specific it would include any necessary audio, camera work and the final edit.
As well as this, the producer would be in control of producing the final project as well and would have the overall last decision. They’re very similar in the context of Independent or Mainstream films, and they’re involved in all three stages – pre-production, production & post-production, the only difference is for Mainstream films there would be a ton more pre-production, production and post-production processes as it’s a much bigger production compared to an Independent one. There would still be quite a bit within an Independent one, but not as much compared to the scale of a Mainstream production.
For my project the way that it would be distributed would be through websites such as YouTube, Vimeo or Dailymotion. In the end, these sites are the main distributors (dependent on which one it would be uploaded on, which would likely be YouTube). This could also lead to content being shared through Social Media sites such as Twitter, Facebook etc. which could further develop the distribution of the content. It is quite unlikely for it to suddenly appear on a TV show as it wouldn’t have much towards the TV industry and would more appeal to online distribution. This could also lead to distribution at any future Film festivals, or even specific people in the film industry noticing it if it was shared. This could be something that could be recognized by the different members of public and could continue forth to them distributing it through social media etc. as well.
If this was something such as a high mainstream film, the distribution process would be a lot different, as they would be distributed in cinemas and multi-complexes rather than within a general local cinema that isn’t as well known. The distribution through social media would be specific accounts that would be all about the specific film, and the only big distribution would be through sharing trailers online.
The way that the one minute short film would be published would be through the use of YouTube. The importance of publishing is that you’re able to publish the final production online, or have it distributed around so that you can receive any marketing values or even exhibiting and promoting the content that’s been produced. This can be done nowadays through Social Media or even through video sites again. With YouTube you have to keep in mind Copyright. You can use most copyrighted material, however it just states that any ad revenue would go to the original creators rather than yourself, unless you can argue that it’s either Fair Use (for example you’ve used a small amount of the song or it’s a cover), or you have a license or a few other reasons.
The Audience for any Film, TV show, Music Video etc. is varied and fit around a specific range. This would include any sort of characters within the production, the general theme etc. You wouldn’t expect to see a happy and sweet horror film with a pink butterfly as the main character – you’d expect that to be more of a children’s/fantasy film (unless it had a sudden twist out of nowhere). With Music videos it’s quite different, usually they’re fit around a specific song with either a certain theme to them or a specific video to fit with the song itself. Usually the music video has some form of relevance towards the actual production rather than something completely different, as an example – Aerosmith’s “I Don’t Want to Miss a Thing” originally being written for Armageddon (1998). The Promotion stage with the Audience would also cause the specific video to be shared through many different places which would result in distribution being quite successful. My audience would be more of a niche audience compared to a mainstream audience as in the end if it was distributed on YouTube then it would be harder to get out there, as most short films are quite hard to get out there and into the search results fully to be able to receive the audience. To overcome this and allow it to become more mainstream would be to share it on Social Media sites and other people, and hope that they will end up sharing it as well.
Aerosmith - I Don't Want to Miss a Thing (AerosmithVEVO, 2014)
My audience would generally be within the age range of 18-25 as that’s the most common age range on YouTube. Of course there would be more of a mix due to factors such as anyone would be able to find it on YouTube as that’s where it’s distributed. As well as this there would be a wider range such as anyone from 13-17 as well as a few over the age of 26, but not as many as the age range between 18 and 25.
Any sort of film or television show or even a short film on a space such as YouTube can be classed as being quite educational. This can be done through showing the process that has gone through with it such as specific tutorials, any research that has gone into it to make it as perfect as possible etc. For example, a lot of different videos, TV shows or Films (especially nowadays) show a “Behind the Scenes” to how it was produced as there are quite a lot of clips especially from the original camera filming, or someone else filming at the same time to show what actually went into the specific production. This can also be argued as education as I’m physically learning about specifics whilst in College. This can also link as it means that some TV shows, films etc. can be inspired by different videos online to become how they are, and they will know how to create them (or even, make similar to them). Personally for what I am creating it would be for entertainment purposes as well as to add a “chill” to people and possibly leave them wondering what could happen rather than an educational video.
Behind The Scenes - November Rain (Guns N' Roses), (Steve Lamb, 2010)
My purpose behind what I want to create is simply because I want to test the skills that I have acquired through the past year and develop them into something I feel would be quite effective, as well as also have some true fun with the project. It will allow me to show how effective lighting, editing, camera work, costume, research etc. can be to create something truly amazing. I’ll be able to develop my distribution skills, as well as prove how I’ve produced the final product. This could lead to some form of promotional value that would help distribute the project or even be somewhat educational to people as they would be able to see how much time and effort went into something I’m passionate about. As well as this I want to try experimenting with creating a project to do with horror as I feel it can be one of the most exciting genres to work with, simply because it has an easy way to grasp a viewer’s attention, especially if it’s short.
Technology and Equipment Required
For my project, there is some technology and equipment that would be required to be able to create the project itself.
The specific Software that would be used within this production would be Avid Media Composer. The reason that I will be using this is because it can be used up to a professional standard and can also accept a wide variety of file types such as .avi, .mp4 and .mov for video, and .mp3 and .wav for audio. For Avid Media Composer in particular, it costs $49.99 per month with a one year agreement plan (after that you are more than welcome to cancel the subscription) or you can buy it for $1,299. If you’re in education it’s $9.99 per month or $295.
How To Buy (Avid, No date)
Another possibility would be the next highest standard of editing software’s which would be Adobe Premiere Pro. This can be used for the specific file types, however it is not used as much in the professional market and is used more for YouTube creations. The benefit is that Premiere allows a vast majority of file types for both audio and visual. Premiere Pro costs £20.22 per month (including any VAT) unless you are a student/teacher and then it costs £16.44 per month instead.
Buy Adobe Premiere Pro CC (Adobe, No date)
Finally, I could also use Final Cut Pro from Apple. Final Cut Pro is one of the most used editing software other than Avid in the professional market of editing, and costs a total of £299.99 for the program without any specific license. The one downside for Final Cut Pro is that it’s Apple only and cannot be used on any Windows/Ubuntu/Linux systems.
Final Cut Pro on the Mac App Store (Apple, No date)
Personally, I feel that I would be using Avid Media Composer to be able to successfully complete my project, as that’s in my reach and already accessible, as well as having edited it within the past few months to produce a lot of my projects.
There’s a massive market out on the internet for a variety of different cameras, from the lowest in the market to the highest in the market, with brands such as Nikon, Canon & Sony to building your own cameras with Red. Generally it seems like building your own camera for a high-up production would be good as it would allow you to have all of the specific specifications that you feel would be best for the camera itself to produce the best quality possible.
With Red, you’re able to produce very high quality cameras starting with the brain of the camera. Red in particular seem to have a few different starters and allow you to specifically choose what you feel would be best for you.
You can get the “Weapon 6K” which has a 19.4 MP CMOS (where the BIOS is stored which is the general start-up controls) and can transfer up to 300 MB/s. You’re able to change the lens at any time and you can produce content in RAW at 6K with up to 75fps which can also be upgraded to an 8K sensor. As well as this it can record in 4K at 30fps with Apple ProRes or at 2K with 120fps with Apple ProRes.One of the best parts is that it can work with Avid at 4K and up to 30fps as well. The price however is quite a lot – it’s set at €49,950.
As well as this there is the “EPIC-W 8K”. This is an 8K resolution camera with a 35.4 MP CMOS for the BIOS, however it can only transfer up to 275 MB/s rather than 300 MB/s. Again you are able to change the lenses with the same recording settings as the previous one however rather than 6K recording this one can obviously record at 8K. Once again, the price is a lot, however it is cheaper than the first option, with this one coming to €29,970.
These cameras would be fantastic to have, however as that clearly isn’t my budget, of course I would have to aim smaller for a camera that I have access to, which is the Nikon D5500 DSLR Camera. For a small production such as mine it is fine as it is as it can record at 1080p with 60fps, and exports in either .mov or .mp4 dependent on which I choose. The camera itself costs £599.99 on Amazon, however the one that I purchased only cost £400 at the time and that was with the Kit Lens too.
Microphones are an important factor of the production itself, and whilst recording you would need the specific polar pattern, preferably as an XLR microphone unless it’s being plugged straight into the camera, which in a production usually doesn’t happen. Of course an XLR microphone can sometimes require either a converter or a separate device to record the audio onto, and some require the extra power (being Phantom Power which is usually a small button with “48V” next to it) to fully power the microphone.
If you were trying to get sound only from one person on set, generally you would be using a shotgun microphone, possibly on a boom arm directed straight at them. This could include microphones such as the RODE VideoMic Pro or the Shure VP83F which are more advanced.
If you were using a general recording studio setup for trying to re-record any audio that you couldn’t pick up properly on the original recording day, you would generally use a Cardioid microphone rather than a shotgun microphone as it would be closer to you and can pick up the specific pattern. A few examples of these would include the RODE NT1 Microphone which would also require Phantom Power to be able to power the microphone itself, and usually would be used to record in a studio rather than on set.
A microphone such as the RODE VideoMic Pro or the Shure VP83F can be used either on DSLR Cameras, camcorders or even on sound recording devices instead. These are some of the more higher-end but lower priced shotgun microphones for cameras/boom arms and produce a great quality compared to the cheaper priced ones. This will result in one of the best audio qualities as possible, as well as also being able to pick up specific sound on sets and ignore a lot of the audio in the back of the studio. Finally you would actually be able to physically see the audio levels on the Shure microphone and be able to configure them on both the Shure microphone and the RODE microphone themselves.
For myself, I feel that I would be using both the RODE VideoMic Pro for any audio from the camera itself which will already be in sync, or using it with another audio device to record onto, as well as the RODE NT1 XLR Microphone to be able to re-record any audio that would need re-recording after the official shoot and to make it at the best quality it can possibly be, if the original audio isn’t too good. As well as this of course I will be using a variety of different music and sound effects (mainly Royalty Free or ones that I have a license for through YouTube).
There will also be a few pieces of equipment that I will need to be able to produce the video itself, which mainly includes the tripod.
An ideal tripod was for this project would be a more advance one, however at a reasonable price so that quite a lot can be done simply in one place. An example of quite a lot of these would be a strong tripod such as the K&F Concept Tripod on Amazon. It comes with a ball head so that you can angle the camera in specific places and be able to make sure that it’s level at times you need it to be as well. The tripod itself is a lot sturdier than the cheaper modules and can also rise to a better height. It’s compatible with most camera brands and can hold up to 8KG on it meaning it’s perfect for literally most cameras. It’s also adjustable to what you would want, whether that’s the height or the angles.
Within my production, there will be a variety of people who will be watching it, generally it seems that it would be more towards College/University students and the young 20’s age era simply because they’re the most popular on the internet; of course there would be more of different ages both younger and older because anyone would be able to access it. We were asked to try to come up with an idea that could represent at least two different people who would possibly watch my production using demographics and psychometrics.
Education Details: Currently in 6th Form studying Media.
Daniel is a 17 year old, male student studying Media in Colchester, England. Currently he doesn’t have a job as he focusses on his studies a lot of the time, however he enjoys watching all kinds of movies (in specific Horror and Thriller) and YouTube videos. Daniel also enjoys exploring Indie Horror Games, however completely dislikes Romantic films as well as disliking FPS games.
Occupation: Makeup Artist
Education Details: University Student
Molly is a 19 year old University Student currently studying Hair & Make-up. Currently this is also her job and her interests are scientific TV shows such as Doctor Who. She also enjoys researching into specific makeup and special effect videos online. She heavily dislikes Western movies and doesn’t enjoy athletics.
Relevant Job Roles
Within the Film & TV Industry there are a variety of different job roles that are relevant, especially towards my project.
If you were to become a TV Director, there is no specific requirement in having a qualification, but having some form of degree in a specific genre, you will have a much better chance and a better ground. The best chances are taking a TV Production course within a College or University to be able to progress your career and be able to prove that you can physically show that you can become a TV Director.
TV Director (CreativeSkillset, No date)
To become a Film Director, there are no qualification requirements for becoming a Director, however to become a director you would need to be trained, or even study on how to be a director. Film Production courses and University courses can usually help progress the skills that can proceed onto becoming a Director. There’s a variety of industry experience with any up to date knowledge that can be accessed from online.
Director (CreativeSkillset, No date)
If you are a director, you must be able to work to a specific deadline. If you are given 2 months to direct a project, you only have two months – no more than that.
Producer/Director (Production Base, No date)
As well as this you would also need to be able to carry out any specific duties for example casting, script editing, shot composition/selection and finally editing. You must also have a connection/link to the production and technical/creative teams.
According to CreativeSkillset there’s an extensive industry experience which includes knowledge of filmmaking techniques and which equipment is vital to be able to know the equipment that is actually needed. You should also have some form of practical experience such as creating and directing different productions (for example around you).
The required knowledge to be able to become a Director is to know about artistic vision as well as creative skills, commitment to a project itself, being able to make decisions, know about the variety of different job roles, paying attention to certain details as well as have practical knowledge of what you are actually doing.
There are no specific Qualifications to actually become a Producer, however it does help a lot to have some form of experience such as a higher education course (for example, a Film Production course in college). Usually these are a way to give you a degree and to be able to progress into the career of being a Producer.
Producer (CreativeSkillset, No date)
The skills that are required of a producer include a strong Communication Skills to be able to build relationships with key team members such as Executive Producers, Heads of Production as well as job roles such as the Director. You will also need to be able to communicate with all of the different roles. You must also be able to have strong creative skills to be able to recognise any strengths and weaknesses of any creative material, have knowledge of different formats, aesthetic experience and any other production design. You must be able to organize yourself and be able to work to a schedule, producing work effectively as well as being able to work in the given amount of time. Finally, a strong part includes being able to handle a variety of different tasks given to you and be able to prioritize them from the most important to the least.
The experience that would be needed would depend on the job, however the majority of them will include some form of work experience, such as something within a media industry, usually an international TV production group is preferred, as well as some form of production experience at a management level. These will help as they will provide the necessary experience to be able to complete the specific job roles, and be in a much better chance of going further with the project.
The knowledge towards any producer roles are varied, however they will need to be able to have knowledge filled about being a producer and what they actually do, be able to oversee any written or non written scripts and produce an idea, be able to ask questions about different, know the required materials to become a producer such as being able to use budgets, schedules etc.), be able to manage and approve different casts, schedules, locations, sets, adaptions etc.
Producer, INternational TV Non-Scripted Production (TimeWarner, No date)
Cinematographer/Director of Photography
It is not required to have a qualification to be able to become a Cinematographer, however, again your chances would be a lot higher. It can be as simple as taking a degree in stills photography which would help gain a basic and good understanding of composition and light, otherwise anything such as drama, art or film/media studies will help provide an all around knowledge and a good understanding as well.
To become a Director of Photography, you will need to have a good technical understanding and knowledge of digital processes, as well as knowing about different camera equipment and camera types, have a high knowledge of anything to do with lighting and lighting techniques as well as how to achieve them, have flexible ideas and adapt to ideas quickly, know about framing and composition, pay attention to precise detail, have excellent communication skills and finally know a lot about health and safety when it comes to Cinematography.
There is no official experience that is needed, however, the best way to get into becoming a Director of Photography is to start the career as a “junior capacity” such as a 2nd Assistant on Cameras in Short films or promotions and progress your way through. You could also work on student or short films to help show what you are capable of. As well as this, you could transition from the Lighting Department to the Director of Photography. Finally, you would also need to make sure that you are able to work as part of a team to be able to learn the traditions of working.
For the knowledge of the Director of Photography role, you will need to have a good technical knowledge of anything to do with photo-chemical and digital processes. As well as this you will need to know about the variety of different equipment setups such as general camera equipment, camera types, lighting, lenses etc.
Director of Photography (CreativeSkillset, No date)
To become an Editor there are no specific qualifications that are required, however taking a Film Production course can seriously help as you will gain a better understanding and knowledge about the specifics to do with editing, and be able to edit your own short films and learn more about the more advanced programs such as Adobe Premiere Pro, Apple’s Final Cut Pro & Avid’s Media Composer.
The specific skills that you would need to become an Editor would include having a wide experience of the post production process within any film so you simply know what you would be editing. This would include the script, the storyboard etc. You must be able to work well and to a creative standard under pressure whilst being able to portray excellent communication to other team members. Usually you will need to be highly aesthetic and have a good visual awareness as you would need to physically produce the end product. You could also need to lead a team in simple terms – there will be multiple editors, you will need them to think like you. A key skill would be patience. Editing can take hours upon hours, and if it’s a fully fledged film, it’s going to take months to edit rather than hours. Finally, you will need to have a good organization, be able to pay attention to any details and make sure you’re following the relevant health and safety laws and procedures.
There is no official experience that is needed to become an Editor, however the best way is to usually show how passionate you are about editing, and also show off what you can actually produce. If they like what you can do, you’ve got a higher chance of being hired. As well as this, you will need some form of experience in a variety of different editing software so you would be able to use different software for different occasions.
You would need some form of knowledge in a variety of different software and be able to change from one to another with hardly any problems. You will need to know about how the software itself works, the best resolution settings, frame rates and in simple terms a script or some form of story that you would be able to follow and edit to rather than a few random clips that have no meaning or correlation to each other. This would involve any form of general editing knowledge. As well as this, you will need to know about a variety of different computer editing equipment and computers themselves to know if what you’re using can handle the footage.
Editor (CreativeSkillset, No date)
With every production there are a set amount of legal requirements that need to be completed and known about before, during and after the actual production.
Health and Safety
There is a variety of paperwork that will need to be produced, for example, there will need to be a Health and Safety Risk Assessment to make sure that the environment that you are working in has been checked over, and has any spotted hazards that could possibly cause injury etc. towards and of the cast or crew. An example could be wires all over the floor which could put anyone walking around there at risk of tripping over them. The best solution is to have them taped down so that you can’t have that hazard caused. Another idea of a Health and Safety hazard could be not wearing gloves for powerful spotlights – they can get very hot within minutes and physically cause harm to somebody, and obviously to prevent this would be wearing gloves and keeping other members clear of the light.
If there is a specific hazard such as something seriously dangerous that would be hard to overcome or even hard to change and remove the hazard and you seriously needed it within the shoot, then you would have to work out some creative solution to be able to overcome it. An example of this could be you need to film something high up, and in simple terms you’d need to climb an un-sturdy ladder or sit on top of a roof to get the specific shot… Not a very good idea – to overcome this you could try to get hold of a drone to be able to film the specific shot in a health and safety fashion rather than risking your life to get this required shot.
You would also have to have a Location Recce produced for the locations that you will be using within the production. This will be used so that you know the locations are suitable for what you would be filming, as well as being able to find the perfect location which is accurate and suitable for what you would be filming and find out what is available around the location. This will also provide an idea of any risks that could be around the area itself.
For my project, I want to make sure that it is my work that is produced, and once it’s out there it stays within my copyright. Copyright in general is work that has been produced and uploaded by a specific person, and anyone who wants to use any specific work would be credited and have permission to use (unless it is fair use). If I use any music within mine or sound effects, I will make sure that I either have a license to use the music (for example from EpidemicSound) or the music or sound effects are Royalty Free/can use as long as credit is given. This will prevent any copyright notices for the video itself and keep the video copyright free from others. Any music that I use that is, for example a song by an artist, then I will make sure that I stick to the fair use policy which is using only a snippet of the song to prevent any copyright notices for the video itself.
To produce any form of content, a way to make sure that it stays as yours and nobody can rip it off is to simply have Your Name, the Copyright symbol as well as the date it was produced and released. This will be some form of proof to show that it’s yours and you will be able to take any legal action if somebody else claims it is theirs. Any other solutions could include putting some form of watermark on the video itself to prevent people having to try to remove it (as it would take a lot of time and effort to do that and nobody would want to do that).
As well as this, some companies don’t want their logos or brands used within productions. These are usually trademarked brands (e.g. Apple, Nike etc.), and if they can clearly be seen as the brand (in other words, their logo is clearly showing) then they can say “You never got our permission for that” resulting in legal action. To overcome this, most of the time you will see some form of blur, or a sticker placed over the specific item (e.g. an Apple Mac with a sticker over the logo suddenly “changing the brand”).
Permission & Releases
Within a production, you’ll have to make sure you have the right permission towards any of the content that you have used that you don’t own. If there is a specific piece of audio (such as audio from a band) you can use snippets of them and use it under the “Fair Use” policy which allows you to use a certain amount of content without using all of it. Otherwise you will need to either obtain written permission or a license to be able to use the full amount of it. Of course you can get some that require you to leave a credit to them in the video description such as Royalty Free music/sound effects or music/effects that are under the Creative Commons license for example. This prevents any use of theft, and is required because otherwise it’s breaking the law as it is their copyright and they choose what to do with it in the end.
This can also include permission of people within backgrounds of public recordings. If they ask to simply “not be in the video” because they don’t want to be in it, then they have the right to make sure they are not in the production.
This then leads onto “Releases” which are documents to prove that anyone within the production has a document that they sign to prevent any legal confrontation of them saying “You never got my permission”. This will be the physical proof to say “Well, yes I did” as a release will be the evidence that they gave their permission for you to use them in the production itself.
If you are using a specific property that doesn’t belong to you, you also need to make sure you have written permission to be able to use the property effectively at the time of recording. If you’re also using fake weapons out in public for example in a project, you will need to inform the police in your local area to let them know you’re filming a student production to prevent any controversy.
Skills/Techniques Required for My Project
For my Project, there are a variety of skills that I will need to have, and a few different techniques to be able to produce exactly what I would be wanting to create. This will also include that they all link together.
The camera skills and techniques will be required for an absolute definite. The reasons that the camera would be an important skill and technique is simply because you will need to know a specific amount of how the camera functions and actually works to be able to get the specific details that are required. An example is the ISO levels etc. and knowing about the camera operations. This can include different angles to use with the camera as well which could require a tripod to be used to help create these angles.
There will be a specific set of audio skills that I need to use. These will be so that I can create specific sound effects that I will require as well as finding and fitting correct music/ambiance sound towards the cinematography that is produced.
For the Editing skills & techniques, there will be a required amount of work that will need to be completed. This will be matching visual and audio together to be able to produce an end final product. To find out more about any editing skills that I don’t already know, I will be able to research them online to be able to produce exactly what I want.
A VERY Important skill that I will need is writing skills. This will be so that I can produce a easy and well-to-read script so that I know exactly what needs to be said in specific areas, and so any actors within this will be able to know what to do.
I will also need to be able to Storyboard correctly so that I will be able to physically show any actors exactly what they will need to be doing, as well as show the variety of different camera angles that will be used and any dialogue/audio that will be used as well.
Overall, these are the variety of different requirements for the Film & TV role, and the ways that they work, and how to apply them.
Adobe (No date), Buy Adobe Premiere Pro CC. Available at: http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/premiere.html?mv=search&s_kwcid=AL!3085!3!75259500650!e!!g!!premiere%20pro&ef_id=WP3b8wAAAXACHTni:20170424130429:s (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
AerosmithVEVO (2014), Aerosmith – I Don’t Want to Miss a Thing. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkK8g6FMEXE (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Amazon UK (No date), K&F Concept Camera Tripod Lightweight Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Tripod Kit. Available at: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Concept-Lightweight-Magnesium-Aluminum-Panasonic/dp/B015CGRREI/ref=sr_1_13?s=photo&ie=UTF8&qid=1493116628&sr=1-13&keywords=tripod&th=1 (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Amazon UK (No date), Nikon VBA440K001 D5500 Digital SLR Camera with 18-55 mm VR II Compact Lens Kit – Black. Available at: https://www.amazon.co.uk/d/Camera-Photo/Nikon-VBA440AE-D5500-Digital-SLR-Camera-Black/B00RVSU3R4?th=1 (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Amazon UK (No date), RØDE NT1KIT Cardioid Condenser Microphone. Available at: https://www.amazon.co.uk/d/Microphones/RODE-NT1KIT-Rode-NT1-Kit-Condenser-Set/B00GGGQK56/ref=sr_1_1?s=musical-instruments&ie=UTF8&qid=1493112348&sr=1-1&keywords=Rode+nt1 (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Amazon UK (No date), Rode VIDEOMICPRO | On Camera Microphone. Available at: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Rode-VIDEOMICPRO-On-Camera-Microphone/dp/B00YAZHRZM (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Apple (No date), Buy Final Cut Pro on the App Store. Available at: https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/final-cut-pro/id424389933?mt=12
Avid (No date), How To Buy. Available at: http://www.avid.com/media-composer/how-to-buy#show-0 (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Bird, J (No date), A Beginner’s Guide to Building a Budget 5.1 Editing Suite. Available at: https://library.creativecow.net/bird_jonathan/Editing-Suite/1 (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Bronx Music (No date), Interface De Audio Focusrite. Available at: http://www.bronxmusic.com.ar/producto/interface-de-audio-focusrite-2i4-scarlett/ (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Catapult Studios (No date), Edit Suites. Available at: http://catapult-studios.com/?page_id=1233 (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
CreativeSkillset (No date), Director. Available at: http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/758_director (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
CreativeSkillset (No date), Director of Photography. Available at: http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/759_director_of_photography (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
CreativeSkillset (No date), Editor. Available at: http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/2940_editor (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
CreativeSkillset (No date), Producer. Available at: http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/757_producer (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
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Evans, B (2 January 2014), Independent Films. Available at: http://onthescenemag.co.uk/the-dummies-guide-to-film-genre-independent-films (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Eye Scream Factory (No date), Avid Media Composer. Available at: http://www.eyescreamfactory.com/2017/02/17/upgrade-media-composer-version-just-399/ (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
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Loughborough University (No date), Health and Safety. Available at: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/services/health-safety/departmental-contacts/dso/ (Accessed: 22 May 2017)
Maher, M (13 October 2015), How to Frame a Medium Shot Like a Master Cinematographer. Available at: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/how-to-frame-a-medium-shot-like-a-master-cinematographer/ (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
MeetTheEyeStudios (No date), Production. Available at: https://meetstheeyestudios.com/san-francisco-san-carlos-film-studio/ (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
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PCMag UK (No date), Apple Final Cut Pro X. Available at: http://uk.pcmag.com/apple-final-cut-pro-x/19465/review/apple-final-cut-pro-x (Accessed: 25 April 2017)
Production Base (No date), Producer/Director. Available at: http://www.productionbase.co.uk/film-tv-jobs/producer-director-south-england-scotland-04.17.0174672 (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
Red (No date), EPIC-W 8K. Available at: http://eu.red.com/builder?utm_source=shop_tile&utm_medium=red.com_homepage&utm_campaign=camera-builder-v1 (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Red (No date), WEAPON 6K. Available at: http://eu.red.com/builder?utm_source=shop_tile&utm_medium=red.com_homepage&utm_campaign=camera-builder-v1 (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
shaleenchopra (No date), Production Management. Available at: https://www.emaze.com/@AWITOQWT/Production-Management (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
Steve Lamb (2010), Behind The Scenes – November Rain (Guns N’ Roses). Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dn1atk3gWyk (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
Superlink (No date), Film Industry Letterhead. Available at: http://superlinkprint.com/product/film-industry-letterhead/ (Accessed: 24 April 2017)
TimeWarner (No date), Producer, International TV Non-Scripted Production. Available at: https://careers.timewarner.com/tgwebhost/jobdetails.aspx?jobid=782610&jobreqlang=1&jobsiteid=36&jobsiteinfo=782610_36&gqid=0&partnerid=391&siteid=36&type=mail&codes=NGLD (Accessed: 26 April 2017)
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