Within this week, the focus is on Cameras. In particular, I wanted to do a research plan on the technology side of cameras. In particular, different lenses, the different types of cameras (the history of them), what’s current with quality/sizing and the future of cameras in my opinion.

Image result for Various different cameras
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mirrorless Cameras (XNZYZ Photography, 31 May 2013)

The topic I’ll be researching within this post will be of course as the title states “Camera Technology”.

The primary research that I’ll be conducting will be looking at various different cameras that are inside my house and one from the college (one is an older styled camera, the others are more modernised).

The secondary research that I’ll be conducting will be researching online for different articles and images of different types of cameras and their history, how they’ve improved and what the future looks like. This will also include different types of videos for the specific cameras.


History of Cameras (Secondary Research)

The first camera was known as the “camera obscura” which was a device that used a lens or a small hole to project an image onto a screen inside the camera itself. Originally it was invented back in 1000 AD by “Alhazen”. The first photograph itself was shot by Joseph Nicephore Niepce back in 1827 – Niepce inserted a photographic plate into the bottom of the camera obscura which projected a pattern of light and shadow onto the plate which was soon developed into an image. Originally it took around 8 hours (usually just over) for the light exposure, whereas 12 years later it was then reduced to 30 minutes.

When was the first camera invented? (reference.com, No date)
The First Photograph (hrc.utexas.edu, No date)

As shown above, it might not seem like that much, but that was in fact the first photo that was ever taken on a camera. According to hrc.utexas.edu: “The image depicts the view from an upstairs window at Niépce’s estate, Le Gras, in the Burgundy region of France”.

As well as this, according to sciencekids.co.nz, “The ‘Kodak’ camera was developed by George Eastman and went on sale in 1888, pioneering the use of photographic film. It was simple box camera with a single shutter speed and fixed focus lens.” As well as this, they mentioned that “Around the year 1913, a German optical engineer named Oskar Barnack made a prototype compact camera that used 35 mm film. Named ‘Lecia’.”. Following onwards from there within the camera life, “Polaroid cameras hit the market in 1948, allowing photographers to produce images instantly.” which allowed people to have an image almost instantly after they took one rather than having to wait for a long time for it to be able to process. Later on in time, “The first commercial DSLR (digital single lens reflex) was launched by Kodak in 1991.” which meant DSLR cameras began appearing within the franchise of cameras, which brought along a better quality, instant images and also allowed the use of filming to be used easier!

The History of Cameras (sciencekids.co.nz, No date)

As of nowadays, there are various different makes of cameras, including Sony, Canon, Nikon and many more, however, back in the 1980’s according to engineersgarage.com, “by late 1980s, there was a need to introduce commercially successful digital cameras and we saw cameras like Fuji DS-1P, Fuji DS-X, Dycam, Kodak DCS-100. With passing years, various formats like JPEG, MPEG became popular. Video recording was also made a part of the cameras to match up with growing demand.  And now one can find these cameras in phones with options of inbuilt GPS system and realtime geotagging options.”. This just shows how much of an impact cameras have made on our lives within the past 200 years now! They’ve developed very far, and now every single smart phone has them!

Who Invented the Camera? (Verma, S, No date)
Image result for DSLR
DSLR & Mirrored Camera Guides (Norman, H, No date)

Quality of Cameras (Primary Research)

There are various different quality types on cameras nowadays which originally started back in a quality that somebody nowadays would say “the quality on that is horrible!” – there are various different types of quality that are around: 144p, 240p, 360p, 480p, 720p, 1080p and 4k. Obviously 144p is the worst type of quality, you can find it on YouTube currently and it looks like a bunch of pixels have been moved around the screen to form some form of image with a bad quality. This is then followed by 240p which is obviously a bit better, then 360p, then 480p. 720p is when HD Quality starts. This is then followed by 1080p where more detail is added in, followed by 4k which is the best quality out there at this current time. Most smartphones that were created within the last 2 years now have 4k quality, whereas older smartphones have 1080p and below. Some have 60fps built into it (60 frames per second) whereas some only go at 30fps. Below I’ve posted 3 different pictures from my phone (iPhone 6s), my fathers phone (iPhone 5s) and my Camera (Sony DSCWX500) – my iPhone 6s can produce 4k quality images, my fathers phone can produce 1080p quality images and my camera can produce 4k quality images. I wanted to show the difference between them and to show how even the camera phone can do the same now. I also have another camera which is the Canon SX600 – which at the time of posting this, I’m not too sure on the quality it can produce, however we can see the difference in the images

iPhone 5s

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iPhone 6s

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Canon SX600

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Sony DSCWX500

 

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No flash
dsc01206
Flash

As we can see, the cameras all have some form of different quality. My personal favourite is the Sony DSCWX500 as it produces the best quality in 4k images, as well as once the flash is on, it produces a very nice and clear image, especially with the flash on, and especially seeing the other photos were taken in a room with a bit of a tungsten yellow lighting. The flash on the Sony Camera makes it a lot clearer and a lot better.

In my personal opinion, I have no idea how the future of cameras will go – it wouldn’t surprise me if the camera would be in some super-amazing quality where it would be every single spec of detail would be able to be seen from the viewer of the image or film. Probably would be something such as 20k in about 10 years!


Sources

hrc.utexas.edu (No date), The First Photograph. Available at: http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/exhibitions/permanent/firstphotograph/ (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
Norman, H (No date), DSLR & Mirrorless Cameras. Available at: http://www.harveynorman.com.au/digital-slr-camera-buying-guide (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
reference.com (No date), When was the first camera invented?. Available at: https://www.reference.com/history/first-camera-invented-422579aae26bb8a8 (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
sciencekids.co.nz (No date), The History of Cameras. Availabe at: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/photography/historyofcameras.html (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
Velma, S (No date), Who Invented the Camera?. Available at: http://www.engineersgarage.com/invention-stories/camera-history (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
XNZYZ Photography (31 May 2013), Advantages and Disadvantages of Mirrorless Cameras. Available at: http://photographypersec.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/advantages-and-disadvantages-of.html#.WAFA1PArKUk (Accessed: 14 October 2016)
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