Within today’s lesson we focussed on different types of shots. We went around in groups and took shots at specific angles. These are the various different shots that I took that we were asked to, followed by a description of what the shot is/what it’s about.

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This first shot that I’ve got here is a Close Up shot. This gives a better view on the persons physical facial features, as well as shows their emotion well.


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The shot above is an Extreme Close Up shot. For this I used an extreme close up on this face to really grab the physical features, such as you can clearly see almost every little detail. This can be used to show a specific point, for example to emphasise that someone would be very upset.


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Following onwards, I’ve used a Medium Close Up. For this one I’m not too happy with it due to my manual focusing, but this generally shows everywhere from just below the shoulders and up. This would be used to show expressions rather than emotions.


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Following forward, I’ve also included a Mid Shot. This is everything to do with the waist upwards. This shot would be used to show the upper part of an object/person.


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This shot is a Medium Long Shot. This shows roughly everything above the knees, and sets part of the current location. This is generally used to show more of the background whilst also including the person/object in the foreground.


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Moving forward, this is a Long Shot – this shows the full body, and makes it so that the full body is in use within the shot rather than just a part of the body. This can be used to show for example someone sitting in a chair, for example: The Joker sitting in a chair to see all of his clothing/features.


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This shot is an Establishing Shot. This is used to simply set the scene and show the rough location of where the certain scene is. This can be used for example when the scene starts and it pans around to show the full setting.


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As shown above is a High Angle Shot. These are generally used to show someone as being small and weak compared to someone, for example, a boss shouting down at someone and the person is feeling weak in comparison to the boss.


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As well as a High Angle Shot, I’ve also taken a photo of a Low Angle Shot. This is to show some sort of power over someone else, as they look higher up and as if they are looking down on somebody, as well as making them look bigger. This can be used for example as the boss from the previous example.


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Finally, I’ve also used a Dutch Angle Shot. To conduct this one I simply moved two of the tripods legs down further to make it more angled. The Dutch Angle shot is used to create an obscure looking image and to be distorted. This can be used to create a sense of confusion, for example in Beetlejuice (1988) – a confusing but cleverly made film.

In conclusion to the shots that I’ve taken, it allowed me to understand more about different camera angles and shots and how effective they can be. If I could’ve, I would’ve checked over the quality of some of the different shots that I had taken to make sure they were perfected in quality (at least as much as possible). I also would’ve had more of an extreme close up, as the one that I used was more of a close up, and the close up was just linking in with a medium close up. In general though, I feel some of the shots that I created were quite good. I also worked on all of these shots with manual focusing rather than automatic focusing because it allowed me to understand manual focussing in more depth, allowing me to produce better-quality shots and further develop my skills.


Composition

We also had a lesson on Composition – this lesson taught us the various different ways that film makers in particular use the different types of compositions.

Firstly, I’ll be talking about the Rule of Thirds. This creates a balance with the middle of the lines going down. Usually it is used to create a significance effect within the shot and people are on the intersection of the lines themselves. Usually in photography the main subject is on the line, and the main focus is on the character.

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Rule of Thirds (Rowse, D, No date)

 

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The Nightmare Before Christmas (Puchko, K, 10 December 2015)

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We also tried it out ourselves, and for me I used Lydia on the right set of the Rule of Thirds as if she was in some form of an interview.

These types of shots are generally used alongside interviews on TV as well, where the person being interviewed is placed at the side of the shot either to the left or the right, and the viewer is overseeing someone else. If the person was in the middle, it would seem like that person is being directly spoken to, whereas the side is more indirect.


There are also Leading Lines. These are used as natural lines within a photo/shot to draw the viewer into what they’re looking at – they use the natural landscape to bring the viewer in and make the viewer feel like they are physically in the shot and brings them to see that specific thing where the natural lines end up leading to.

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Leading Lines (Goolarri.com, No date)
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Leading Lines (Neophytoua, 24 December 2013)

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For leading lines, we decided to use the stairs as it showed some significance to the certain point. They lead to where Lydia is. Thinking about it after the shot, I thought it might’ve been a better idea to get someone down the end of a corridor instead.


There’s another composition shot known as “Symmetry” – Pretty self explanatory, but what it does is adds weight into a shot and can be used very effectively for some films/shots, however some clearly don’t work, here’s an example of one that does work:

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Symmetry (Neuenschwander, A, 1 September 2015)

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For symmetry, we decided to move the sofas/chairs together as they are the same both side. I positioned Lydia in the centre alongside having the centre of the shot be where it symmetrises to create the visual effect of symmetry.


You also have Depth. This is when the shot has plenty of information in the background and all the information is there within the background and relevant to the current scene. For example, a busy office with someone with their hands on their head in the foreground with people panicking in the background (usually unfocused).

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For Depth I focussed on Lydia within one of the Rule of Thirds, and within the background we can clearly see things are happening which fits to the shot: people are walking around the college.

This can partially link with Depth of Field as well, which is when it emphasizes a subject and the focus is usually very thing, everything else is out of focus. If it’s a deep depth of field, it would be very minimal.


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Natural Framing (ghostofthenight, 19 March 2011)

This shot is known as Natural Framing. Natural Framing is when you use something natural as the frame of an image, for example as shown above – there are trees as the framing for a shot of the Grand Canyon.

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Personally, trying to find a spot to try and take one of these shots was quite difficult, but I ended up deciding to go with just outside of the college where there are two sets of trees within the foreground some-what focussed, with everything else in the background.

I feel this task was very helpful as it allowed me to visually view some of the shots and see the difference that some can make with a certain effect, allowing me to understand more about why some shots are used more than others, and how to create a good visual effect with those shots.


Sources

ghostofthenight (19 March 2011), Natural Frame of Grand Canyon. Available at: https://www.wunderground.com/wximage/ghostOfTheNight/39 (Accessed: 26 September 2016)
Goolarri.com (No date), Session 2 – Composition. Available at: http://www.goolarri.com/online/session-2.html (Accessed: 20 September 2016)
Neophytoua (24 December 2013), Analysis of “Train Track” Scene in Memories of Murder. Available at: https://neophytoua.wordpress.com/2013/12/24/analysis-of-train-track-scene-in-memories-of-murder/ (Accessed: 20 September 2016)
Neuenschwander, A (1 September 2015), 47 Beautiful Movie Shots With Satisfying Symmetry. Available at: https://www.buzzfeed.com/andyneuenschwander/47-beautifully-symmetrical-movie-shots?utm_term=.rxBOaazV8#.hhKyllz07 (Accessed: 20 September 2016)
Puchko, K (10 December 2015), 21 Things You Didn’t Know About ‘The Nightmare Before Christmas’. Available at: http://mentalfloss.com/article/60723/21-things-you-didnt-know-about-nightmare-christmas (Accessed: 20 September 2016)
Rowse, D (No date), Rule of Thirds. Available at: http://digital-photography-school.com/rule-of-thirds/ (Accessed: 20 September 2016)
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